Spine surgery is a type of back surgery that is used to treat conditions that affect the spine. These conditions can include a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, sciatica etc. Spine surgery may be recommended if other treatments such as medications or physical therapy do not provide relief from symptoms.
The Structure of the Spine
Our spine is made up of 33 vertebrae. They are divided into five regions: 7 cervical vertebrae in the neck, 12 thoracic vertebrae in the chest, 5 lumbar vertebrae in the lower back, 5 fused sacral vertebrae in the pelvis, and 4 fused coccygeal vertebrae in the tailbone. The first cervical vertebra is called the atlas and supports your head. The second cervical vertebra is called the axis and allows your head to turn. The spinal cord passes through a bony canal in the center of each vertebra. A disc of cartilage separates each pair of spinal nerves as they exit the spinal cord.
The most important part of the body is spine. It helps you stand up straight, and it protects your spinal cord. The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that travels down your back. It controls all the movement and feeling in your body below your neck. If something happens to your spine, it can cause major problems.
What conditions of the spine would require surgery?
Spine surgery is typically suggested for those with severe conditions that have not responded to other treatments. Here are some of the conditions that would require spine surgery:
Disc Degeneration: Disc degeneration is a condition that affects the discs in your back. These discs help to cushion your spine and keep it healthy. When they degenerate, they can no longer do their job properly and may cause pain or other problems. There are several things that can lead to disc degeneration, including age, injury, and genetics. If you are experiencing back pain, it is important to see a doctor to determine if disc degeneration is the cause. There are treatments available that can help to improve your symptoms.
Disc Herniation: Disc herniation is a condition caused by the displacement of the intervertebral disc. This may lead to compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots. Symptoms vary depending on which nerves are compressed, but may include pain, numbness, and tingling in the extremities. Disc herniation surgery is usually recommended when conservative treatments, such as medication and physical therapy, have failed to improve symptoms. The surgery involves removing the portion of the disc that is protruding and relieving any pressure on the nearby nerves.
Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one of the vertebrae slips out of place. This can cause pain and stiffness in the back, and may make it difficult to stand or walk. The condition is typically treated with surgery, but in some cases, nonsurgical methods may be effective.
Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that results from the deterioration of the cartilage. Cartilage is a tough, elastic tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Osteoarthritis most often affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine. The symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain, stiffness, and a decreased range of motion in the affected joint. In severe cases, bone spurs may form on the edges of the joint, and inflammation may occur. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but treatment options are available to help relieve symptoms. These treatments include medications such as pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, and surgery in cases of severe damage to the joint.
Spinal canal stenosis: Spinal canal stenosis is a condition that affects the spinal cord. This condition is caused by a narrowing of the spinal canal, which can put pressure on the spinal cord. This pressure can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the arms and legs. The most common cause of spinal canal stenosis is arthritis, which can lead to bone spurs that narrow the space available for the nerves. Other causes of spinal canal stenosis include tumors, herniated discs, and thickening of the spinal cord or its coverings.Treatment for spinal canal stenosis may include surgery or medication.
Different Types of Spine Surgeries
There are many different types of spine surgeries that can be performed to treat various disorders and injuries. Some common spine surgeries include:
Pedicle Screw Fixation: Pedicle screw fixation is a surgical procedure used to stabilize the spine. The screws are inserted into the vertebrae and then attached to a metal rod or plate. This procedure can be used to treat spinal fractures, instability, and deformities.
Fusion Surgeries: Fusion surgeries are a common treatment for spine conditions. The goal of a fusion surgery is to join two or more bones together so that they can heal into one solid unit. This can help to relieve pain and improve function. Fusion surgeries are most commonly used to treat conditions such as: Spinal stenosis, Spondylolisthesis, Herniated disk etc.
Microdiscectomy: Microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to remove a small piece of herniated or ruptured disk from the spine. The surgery is minimally invasive, and can often be performed on an outpatient basis. Microdiscectomy has been shown to be effective in relieving pain and restoring function in patients with a herniated disk.
Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS): Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is a type of surgery that is used to treat various conditions of the spine. MISS is a less invasive alternative to traditional open spine surgery. MISS involves making smaller incisions and using specialized instruments and techniques to treat the condition. MISS has been shown to be safe and effective for many conditions of the spine.
Foraminotomy: Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure that is used to remove bone spurs or other obstructions from the foramen magnum, which is the opening in the base of the skull that allows the spinal cord to exit. This procedure can be performed using either an open or a minimally invasive approach. Foraminotomy may be recommended for patients who are experiencing nerve compression or spinal cord compression caused by a bone spur or other obstruction.
Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty are minimally invasive procedures used to treat pain from vertebral fractures. Vertebroplasty is the injection of bone cement into a fractured vertebra, while Kyphoplasty is the same procedure but also includes the inflation of a balloon to restore height and alignment to the vertebra. These procedures can provide significant relief from pain for many patients and are relatively safe, with few complications.
Spine Surgery in India
India is one of the top destinations for spine surgery. The country has some of the best neuro and spine surgeons in the world. And Dr. VK Jain is one of them. Dr. Jain is a highly skilled neurosurgeon and spine surgeon in India who has more than 41 years of experience in treating complex spinal disorders. He has successfully performed many complex surgeries, including surgeries for cervical and disc herniation, spinal stenosis, and scoliosis.
Dr. VK Jain is known for his expertise in minimally invasive spine surgery, which is a less invasive approach that can often lead to faster recoveries and fewer complications. If you are looking for spine surgery in India, then you should consult Dr. VK Jain once.
Spine Surgery Cost in India
For people living abroad, spine surgery can be expensive, especially when it is done in the United States. However, there are options for those who are looking to have surgery but don't want to spend a fortune. One option is to go to India for surgery. The cost of spine surgery in India is much lower than it is in the other countries of the world. This is because the cost of living and medical care is much lower in India than in developed countries. The quality of medical care in India is also excellent. In fact, many patients report that they are very happy with the care they receive in India. In addition to being cost-effective, spine surgery in India is also very safe.
For people living in India, The cost of spine surgery in India, however, depends on the type of surgery that is required. For example, a surgery to remove a tumor is going to be more expensive than a surgery to correct a herniated disc. Additionally, the location of the surgery can also affect the cost. For example, a surgery in a major metropolitan city will be more expensive than one in a rural area. Contact us today to know the cost of spine surgery at our place.